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מצפה הכוכבים ברקת - קוד מצפה רשמי Bareket observatory IAU B35

לחיפוש במונחון הזן טקסט ולחץ חפש

Glossaries

מנוח הסבר המונח
Gear

תמסורת רגילה

Geocentric

An adjective meaning “centered on the Earth.” Most early civilizations had a geocentric view of the universe

Globular Cluster

Spherical grouping of hundreds of thousands of stars. Globular clusters are composed of older stars,
and are usually found around the central regions of a galaxy.

Guide star

A star that a telescopes guidance system locks onto to ensure that a celestial object is followed and observed as the telescope moves. The telescope uses one of its sensors to detect and lock onto a guide star.

H-R Diagram

The Hertzsprung-Russell (HR) Color-Magnitude Diagram, is a graph upon which stars are plotted by spectral type and actual luminosity. It is named for the two scientists Russell and Hertzsprung who first used it in 1913.

Highest Useful Magnification
הגדלה מרבית אפקטיבית
Infrared

Radiation that has longer wavelengths and lower frequencies and energies than visible light

Light Gathering Power
כושר איסוף האור של הטלסקופ
Light Year

A unit of distance, mainly used in the astronomy field. The distance light travels in a year, at the rate of 300,000 kilometers per second (671 million miles per hour). One light-year is equivalent to about 5,880,000,000,000 miles or 63,240 AU.

Limiting Stellar Magnitude
הכוכב החיוור ביותר הניתן לצפייה ישירה דרך הטלסקופ. ראה מאמר בנושא "בהירות אובייקטים אסטרונומיים" למידע נוסף.
Lowest Useful Magnification
הגדלה מינימאלית אפקטיבית
Lunar Eclipse

An astronomical phenomenon that occurs when the Moon passes into the shadow of the Earth. A partial lunar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes into the penumbra, or partial shadow. In a total lunar eclipse, the Moon passes into the Earth's umbra, or total shadow.

Magnitude

The degree of brightness of an object in the sky according to a scale on which the brightest star has a magnitude -1.4 and the faintest visible star has magnitude 6. Sometimes referred to as apparent magnitude. In this scale, each number is 2.5 times the brightness of the previous number. Thus a star with a magnitude of 1 is 100 times brighter than on with a visual magnitude of 6.

Mass

A measure of the total amount of matter contained within an object

Meteor

Small particle of rock or dust that burns away in the Earth's atmosphere

Meteor shower is an event where a large number of meteors enter the Earth's atmosphere from the same direction in space at nearly the same time.

Motor Drive
מנוע חשמלי
Mount
החצובה עליה רוכב הטלסקופ. ראה הרחבה במאמר לבחירת טלסקופ.
Nebula

Cloud of dust and gas in space. Nebulae represent the raw material the stars are made of.

Optical Coatings
ציפוי אופטי
Optical Design
סוג האופטיקה. ראה הרחבה במאמר לבחירת טלסקופ.
Optical Tube OTA
הצינור / גליל האופטי של המערכת.